Professor CHU Lee Man


(Office): 903, Yasumoto International Academic Park

People CLM


(Office): (852) 3943 6378

Fax (852) 2603 7732
Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Web -



  • 1988    Ph.D. University of Liverpool
  • 1983    M.Phil. The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • 1981    B.Sc. The Chinese University of Hong Kong


  • Adjunct Associate Professor, School of Life Sciences
  • Ex-officio member, Committee on Campus Sustainability
  • Member, Campus Landscape Enhancement Committee
  • Member, Committee on Minor Works
  • Member, Green Campus Working Group, Green University Consortium
  • College Representative, Senate
  • Fellow, College Assembly, United College

Research Interests

  • Industrial Ecology
  • Restoration Ecology
  • Urban Ecology
  • Pollution Studies 

Representative Publications

  • Pan, M. & Chu, L.M. (2016) Adsorption and degradation of antibiotics in agricultural soil.  Science of the Total Environment 545-546: 48-56
  • Pan, L. & Chu, L.M. (2015) Life cycle assessment and energy saving potential of a vertical greenery system in Hong Kong. Building and Environment DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.06.033
  • Zhang, H. & Chu, L.M. (2015) Seed rain and seedling survival are major factors limiting vegetation regeneration on rehabilitated quarries. Landscape and Ecological Engineering 11: 29-38
  • Pan, M., Wong, C.K.C. & Chu, L.M. (2014) Distribution of antibiotics in wastewater-irrigated soils and their accumulation in vegetable crops in the Pearl River Delta, southern China.  Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62: 11062-11069
  • Kong, L., Shi, Z. & Chu, L.M. (2014) Carbon emission and sequestration of urban turfgrass systems in Hong Kong.  Science of the Total Environment 473-474: 132-138
  • Zhou, D. & Chu, L.M. (2014) Do avian communities vary with season in highly urbanized Hong Kong?  Wilson Journal of Ornithology 126: 69-80
  • Zhang, H., Zhuang, X. & Chu, L.M. (2013) Plant recruitment in early development stages on rehabilitated quarries in Hong Kong. Restoration Ecology 21: 166-173
  • Zhang, H. & Chu, L.M. (2013) Changes in soil seed bank composition during early succession of rehabilitated quarries. Ecological Engineering 55: 43-50
  • Ng, C.W.W., Woon, K.X., Leung, A.K., & Chu, L.M. (2013) Experimental investigation of induced suction distribution in a grass-covered soil. Ecological Engineering 52: 219-223
  • Zhou, D., Fung, T. & Chu, L.M. (2012) Avian community structure of urban parks in developed and new growth areas: A landscape-scale study from Southeast Asia. Landscape and Urban Planning 108: 91-102

Research Grants

  • 2015-2017, Environment and Conservation Fund, Population status and ecology of yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) in Hong Kong, $499,940 (PI)
  • 2014-2015, Environment and Conservation Fund, Value of Hermetia illucens (black soldier fly) for food waste conversion in Hong Kong, $499,500 (PI)
  • 2013-2016, Research Grants Council (RGC) Collaborative Research Fund, Green Slope Engineering: Bioengineered, Live Cover Systems for Man-made Fill Slopes and Landfill Capillary Barriers in Hong Kong, $8,000,000 (Co-I)
  • 2011-2013, Environment and Conservation Fund, The contribution of vertical greening on human climate and carbon footprint in built environment, $1,500,400 (PI)
  • 2011-2012, CUHK Knowledge Transfer Project Fund, UGC, An electronic tree identification encyclopedia, $180,000 (PI)
  • 2010-2013, Research Grants Council (RGC) Collaborative Research Fund, Green slope engineering for Hong Kong, $5,800,000 (Co-I)
  • 2010-2012, Guangdong Provincial Funding, R&D on the key technology for resource-conserving urban greenery, Guangzhou Institute of Landscape Gardening (RMB200,000) Provincial Funding for International Collaboration (Co-I)
  • 2008-2011, Environmental Conservation Fund, Ecological sustainability of vegetated steep soil cutslopes, $788,600
  • 2003-2005, Quality Education Fund, Multi-school collaboration in the information technology for Hong Kong flora and vegetation, $1,938,000 (Co-I)
  • 2001-2002, Quality Education Fund, A web-based databases and training for Hong Kong flora and vegetation, $1,500,000 (Co-I)
  • 2000-2004, Research Grants Council (RGC) Earmarked Grants, Revegetation of newly restored landfills: Site environmental conditions and the role of native species, $650,000
  • 1996-1999, Research Grants Council (RGC) Earmarked Grants, Ecological studies of completed landfills for enhancing natural succession on the man-made habitats $692,000 (PI)
  • 1994-1997, Research Grants Council (RGC) Earmarked Grants Reclamation of fly ash lagoons: an ecological and microbiological approach, $653,000 (PI)
  • 1990-1992, Research Grants Council (RGC) Earmarked Grants, Advanced studies of sanitary landfills: restoration, leachate treatment and methane generation, $850,000 (Co-I)

Professional Activities

Government committees
9/2011-8/2015 Chairman, Country Parks Committee, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department

9/2009-8/2015 Member, Country and Marine Parks Board, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department
9/2009-8/2011 Member, Country Parks Committee, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department
9/2009-8/2011 Member, Marine Parks Education Subcommittee, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department
10/2008-9/2014 Member, Endangered Species Advisory Committee, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department
10/2006-10/2010 Member, Environment and Conservation Fund Committee, Environmental Protection Department
9/2005-8/2009 Member, Marine Mammal Conservation Working Group, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department
10/2004-10/2006 Member, Research Projects Vetting Subcommittee, Environment and Conservation Fund, Environmental Protection Department

Other organizations
10/2007-present Member, Advisory Committee, Environment & Hygiene Committee, Heung Yee Kuk

2012-present Advisor, Hong Kong Organic Waste Recycling Center

2008-present Founding member and executive council member, Hong Kong Institute of Horticultural Science

9/2009-present Dean, Academy of Nature and Culture Education, Fung Yuen Butterfly Reserve Advisory Committee, Tai Po Environmental Association
8/2004-present Advisor, Fung Yuen Butterfly Reserve Advisory Committee, Tai Po Environmental Association

Editorial board
International Journal of Ecology, Hindawi Publishing Corporation

International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, Springer
Guest reviewers for Applied Soil Ecology, Applied Vegetation Science, Building and Environment,  Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Environmental and Experimental Botany, Environmental Toxicology, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Environmental Geochemistry and Health, Journal of Environmental Management, Land Degradation and Development, Restoration Ecology, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, Waste Management


Conference Presentations

  1. Chau, N.L. & Chu, L.M.  A rainfall simulation study on the erosion-reducing potential of ferns on soil slopes.  Ecological Society of Australia Annual Conference 2015, 29 Nov 2015 - 3 Dec 2015. Adelaide, Australia (oral presentation)
  2. Kong, L. & Chu, L.M. Carbon dioxide fluxes of turfgrass species in urban turfs in Hong Kong. 9th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC9). 20-24 July 2015, International Association for Urban Climate and American Meteorological Society, Toulouse, France. (oral presentation)
  3. Ho, Y., Wang S. & Chu, L.M.  Feeding ecology of Yellow-rested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) in Hong Kong. Annual International Conference on Ecology, Biodiversity and Environment (CEBE 2014), GSTF, 15-16 Dec 2014, Singapore. (oral presentation) (Best Research Paper)
  4. Chu, L.M. Vertical greening – Efforts and hurdles.  Eco Asia Conference, Eco Expo Asia 2014. Messe Frankfurt and Hong Kong Trade Development Council, 31 Oct 2014, AsiaWorld-Expo, Hong Kong. (oral presentation)
  5. Chu, L.M. Vertical greening in a subtropical city – System and species selection. 1st International Conference on Green Wall – Meeting the Challenge of a Sustainable Urban Future: the Contribution of Green Walls. 4-5 Sept 2014, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK. (oral presentation)
  6. Pan, M. & Chu, L.M. Distribution and translocation of erythromycin in wastewater irrigated soils and vegetable crops. 2014 International Symposium on Environment and Health, 4-5 July 2014, Beijing, China. (oral presentation)
  7. Zhou, D. & Chu, L.M. Avian diversity of urban parks in Hong Kong: Effects of size, age and human disturbances. Second World Biodiversity Congress, 8-11 September 2011, Kuching, Sawarak. (poster presentation)
  8. Zhou, D. and Chu, L.M.  Does urbanization affect avian community structure of urban parks in Hong Kong?  11th National Conference of the Chinese Ornithological Society, 8-15 August 2011, Lanzhou, China. (oral presentation)
  9. Chu, L.M. Vegitecture: Urban greening for the future (Keynote speech). International Conference on Environment and Industrial Innovations (ICEII2011), 17-19 June 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (oral presentation)
  10. Chu, L.M. & Cheng, C.Y. Living architecture - Vertical planting on facade walls in concrete jungles. Second International Conference on Waste Engineering and Management (ICWEM2010), 13-15 Oct 2010, Tongji University, Shanghai, China. (oral presentation)
  11. Zhang, H. & Chu, L.M. Ecological development of soil microbial communities in rehabilitated quarries. 1stInternational Conference on Structures and Processes of the Initial Ecosystem Development, 20-24 Sept 2010, Cottbus, Germany. (oral presentation)
  12. Chu, L.M. Ecological restoration of quarries (Keynote speech). 2010 International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Applications (ICEEA 2010), 10-12 Sept 2010, Singapore. (oral presentation)
  13. Cheung, K.K.L. & Chu, L.M. Long-term changes in invertebrate communities after hillfire. SERI 2009 World Conference on Ecological Restoration, 23-27 August 2009. Perth, Australia. (oral presentation)
  14. Cheung, K.K.L. & Chu, L.M. Characterization of soil microbial community structure on fire-disturbed sites. SERI 2009 World Conference on Ecological Restoration, 23-27 August 2009, Perth, Australia. (poster presentation)
  15. Zhang, H. & Chu, L.M. Composition and development of aboveground vegetation and soil seed bank in rehabilitated quarries in Hong Kong. SERI 2009 World Conference on Ecological Restoration, 23-27 August 2009, Perth, Australia. (oral presentation)
  16. Chu, L.M., Cheung, K.K.L. & Szeto, S.Y. Spider assemblages of rehabilitated quarries in Hong Kong. 10th International Congress of Ecology, 16-21 August 2009, Brisbane, Australia. (oral presentation)
  17. Zhang, H. & Chu, L.M. Soil seed bank composition and development in restored quarries in Hong Kong. Ninth ISSS Conference on Seed Biology, 6-11 July 2008, Olsztyn, Poland. (oral presentation )
  18. So, I.W.Y. & Chu, L.M. Ant assemblages on rehabilitated landfills in Hong Kong. International Conference on Ants and Other Social Hymenoptera, 10-13 Oct 2007, Punjabi University, Patiala, India. (oral presentation)
  19. Chu, L.M., Wong, S.K. & Cheng, C.Y. Toxicity characterization of landfill leachate using multi-species toxicity identification evaluation. SETAC Asia Pacific Conference, 18-21 Sept 2006, Peking University, Beijing, China. (poster presentation)
  20. Chu, L.M. & Hui, M.H. Butterfly communities on restored landfills. The World Conference on Ecological Restoration. Ecological Restoration: A Global Challenge, 12-18 September 2005, Zaragoza, Spain. (oral presentation)
  21. Lau, J.K.W. & Chu, L.M. Species selection for slope revegetation. International Conference on EcoEngineering – The Use of Vegetation to Improve Slope Stability, 13-17 September 2004, Thessaloniki, Greece. (oral presentation)
  22. Chu, L.M. Ecological assessment of a constructed wetland on fly ash disposal lagoon. Seventh Intecol International Wetlands Conference, 26-30 July 2004, Utrecht, The Netherlands. (poster presentation)
  23. Chu, L.M. Nutrient availability as factor affecting ecosystem development on closed landfills. Ninth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, 6-10 Oct 2003, Sardinia, Italy. (oral presentation)

Postgraduate Students

Ho Ka Sin (On-going) Yellow mealworm for food waste bioconversion to insect protein (MPhil)
Wang Sifeng (On-going) Ecology of yellow-crested cockatoo in urban Hong Kong (PhD)
Hui Ling Chui
(On-going) Bioengineered live cover systems for fill slopes and landfill capillary barriers (MPhil)

Pan Min (On-going) Soil behavior and plant uptake of antibiotics (PhD)
Chau Ngai Lung (On-going) Values of ferns for the bioengineering of soil cutslopes (PhD)
Pan Lan (On-going) Carbon and water footprint of vertical greening (PhD)
Kong Ling (
2014) Carbon sequestration and emission of urban turfs in Hong Kong and Shenzhen  (PhD)
Lai Po Ying (
2014) Selection of species and systems for water conservation and temperature reduction in vertical greening (MPhil)

Wong Chuk Kwan (2012) Tadpole assemblages in freshwater wetlands and anti-predation responses in aruran tadpoles (MPhil)
Zhou Daqing (2012) Avian community structure of urban parks in Hong Kong: Effect of urbanization and multi-scale habitat characteristics (PhD)
Guan Lijie (2011) Occurrence, fate and effects of selected pharmaceutical in sewage treatment plants (MPhil)
Cheung Kwok Leung (2011) Biodiversity and recovery of faunal communities after fire disturbance in Hong Kong (PhD)
Tsang Kwok On (2011) Is Cuscuta japonica a potential biological control agent for Mikania micrantha? (MPhil)
Zhang Hao (2010) Vegetation and soil development on rehabilitated quarries in Hong Kong (PhD)
So Wai Yan Ivy (2009) Ant communities in natural and man-made habitats in Hong Kong (MPhil)
Zou Huiling (2008) PAHs contamination of roadside soils and vegetation in Hong Kong (MPhil)
Chiu Ming Ho (2007) Soil water supplying capacity as factor affecting revegetation of cutslopes (MPhil)
Wong Man Wing (2007) Soil bioavailability of rare earth elements and their effects on tree growth (MPhil)
Tsang Chin Kan (2006) Landfill leachate irrigation: Evaluation of plant productivity and soil toxicity (MPhil)
Wong Man Shan Michelle (2006) Growth of freshwater emergents under different submergence levels (MPhil)
Yu Chi Cheung (2005) Ecological inventory and faunal communities on restored quarries (MPhil)
Ho So Man (2005) Nutrient cycling on closed landfills (MPhil)
Lau Ka Wah Joyce (2005) Species selection for cutslope revegetation (MPhil)
Cheng Chung Yin Michael (2005) Utilization of landfill leachate as an alternative source of plant nutrients (MPhil)
Chong Chun Wing John (2003) Tree planting on recently restored landfills: A study of native species (MPhil)
Wong Shiu Kai Raymond (2003) Chemical and ecotoxicological characterization of landfill leachate (MPhil)
Wong Cheuk Yuet Chiky (2003) Establishment of native plant species on restored quarries covered by completely decomposed granite in Hong Kong (MPhil)
Tsui Tsz Ki Martin (2002) Aquatic toxicity and environmental fate of glyphosate-based herbicides (MPhil)
Choi Chi Yuen (2000) Ecological studies of the cover soils on completed landfills (MPhil)
Lui Mei Kam Ada (1999) Vegetation development and performance on postclosure landfills (MPhil)
Chan Chik Yu Jack (1998) Revegetation of fly ash lagoons: An ecological approach (MPhil)
Lau Shun Shun Sam (1997) Pollution status and assimilative potential of wetlands at the Mai Po Marshes (MPhil)
Tong Suk Wah Iris (1996) Ecotoxicological and treatability studies on landfill leachate (MPhil)
Ng Ki Chi Renee (1994) Recycling of agro-industrial wastes by vermiculture (MPhil)